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Frequently Asked Questions


What is Airsoft?

A lot of people don't know what airsoft is and I'm a lot of people have this question in mind "What is airsoft?." Airsoft or others may call it "soft air," is a military simulation combat sport in which is considered fun and safe. Airsoft players participate in a simulated combat scenario against other teams. The game varies from quick skirmishes, military simulations, and some larger organized events. They would often use military tactics to achieve their mission or objectives. Mock military gear, equipment and accessories are often used to emulate modern military gear and equipment. Unlike paintball, airsoft projectiles does not splat.  The sport is primarily based on “honor system” where in the person being hit will shout “HIT! HIT!” and call himself out and wait to re-enter the game after a specific time or wait for his teammate to medic or rescue him so he can rejoin the game, all depending on game rules and scenario.


The sport is very popular in east Asia; Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Philippines.  It is also rapidly growing in popularity in Europe and here in the United States.


What is Airsoft Gun?

An arisoft gun is a replica that fires 6mm plastic pellets called “BBs” by use of compressed gas or spring driven pistons.  These airsoft guns are used when playing airsoft combat games or for collection for enthusiasts. The BBs travel at speeds that are significantly lower than real bullets.  These BBs cannot kill or cause life threatening injuries to anyone.  Airsoft is considered a toy gun but safety measures and responsible handling practices needs to be in place when handling and playing with these replicas. Proper eye protection must be worn at all times when playing and handling it. An ANSI rated 87.1 safety glass or goggles or a full paintball mask it need for protection.

 

What are the powers of airsofts?

Spring Powered

 
The spring powered airsoft gun is probably the most readily available variety since they’re affordable. These weapons are named for their spring functionality which is responsible for launching the BB pellet. Although some other airsoft gun's use a spring mechanism as well this is the main and only function the spring airsoft gun uses to shoot.
 
Positives
 
- Usually the least expensive option
- No need for additional accessories like batteries and chargers
- Unlimited power source since it doesn’t run on battery or gas
- Many upgrade options to create a very powerful gun
- Can be used in all weather conditions (cold, hot, wet, dry) since there’s no gas to freeze or battery to get wet
- Great starter gun for first time airsoft gun users
- Certain models can make extremely powerful sniper rifles with 400-700 fps
   
Negatives

 - Must manually cock your gun before every shot, making them incapable of semi-automatic or automatic fire 
 - They generally don’t last as long as other airsoft guns although this can vary depending on the model you purchase
 - Often a plastic body as opposed to metal – meaning cheaper but not as reliable or realistic
 - The spring can make a noise that discloses location

 

Automatic Electric Guns
 
The automatic electric is the most commonly used airsoft gun in the market, especially the AEG rifle. They run on electric motors and are require an electric airsoft gun battery that you will have to routinely charge in order to use the gun.  Although it typically contains a spring, there are additional features on it that you won’t find on a spring powered airsoft, like the gearbox. The gearbox possesses 3 gears that combined with the piston, push against the spring to launch the pellet through the barrel. This often provides extra power for your shot.
 
Positives

 - Commonly available in metal body form for a more realistic feel
 - Usually the preferred form for field gamers, especially the airsoft rifle
 - No need to manually cock before each shot
 - Capable of rapid semi-automatic and automatic fire
 - Can “hot rod” them at a reasonable cost
 - Good option when you need to be quiet
 - Can use in both hot and cold weather

Negatives

 - You will have to recharge for multiple uses
 - Need to pay close attention to what battery you purchase since some last longer than others
 - Can malfunction in wet conditions
 - The electric pistol form is usually more “toy like” in appearance and feel
 - Restricted space for magazines on automatic electric pistols

 
Gas Powered
 
Gas powered guns are often called “classic airsoft guns” since they were some of the first airsoft guns ever made. There have been protocols enforced since then, however, to restrict the type of gas you can use to power them. It’s recommended to stay away from “red gas” or R-12 liquid propellants which both violate US EPA regulations when used as an aerosol. Stick to “green gas” guns or propane adapters to be safe.
 
Positives

 - Automatic and semi-automatic capabilities
 - Preferred type when purchasing an airsoft pistol due to size constraints with AEG’s
 - People love the blowback feature on the airsoft gas pistols, which automatically puts the next shot in place for you for the most realistic performance
 - Favorite for airsoft gun collectors
 - Also favored when you need adjustable velocity capabilities on your airsoft gun
 - One of the most versatile and realistic looking options
 - Often more affordable than AEG’s but more expensive than springs

Negatives

 - Often malfunction in cold weather since the gas can freeze
 - Purchasing gas canisters can be costly
 - No unlimited power since it needs gas reloads to run
 - If gaming, you will need to carry spare gas canisters with you, especially if using a blowback pistol
 - Many gasses are illegal due to their effects on the environment
 - Can produce a gas cloud which could give away your location if you need to stay hidden
 - When using propane you need an adapter

 

What kind of BBs should I use?

BASIC RULE OF THUMB FOR BB WEIGHT:

Optimal BB weight for your Airsoft guns.
(BASE SPEED IS THE GUN SHOOTING .20g BB's)
300-350 FPS: 0.20G
350-400 FPS: 0.25G
400-450 FPS: 0.28G
450-500 FPS: 0.36G
500 FPS: 0.43G

BBs are an inexpensive investment for your Airsoft guns. But bear in mind, buying low cost Airsoft BBs such as the kind you see sitting on the shelves from various sporting goods stores will not only cause damage to the gearbox components and might burn a hole in your wallet from costly repairs in the long run. 

So you might ask yourself, so why are they so cheap then? Well it’s because they’re meant to be used with low quality Airsoft guns. If you had the chance of running into these type BBs, you’ll notice their size, shape and weight are completely off. Some of them are not even spherical. 

 

What will happen if you use these low grade BBs?

    • BBs are not spherical thus causing jam or get stuck in the barrel.

    • Materially imperfect causing them to break into pieces in the barrel, again causing a jam.

    • BBs are not sized properly for 6mm barrel and reduce velocity.

BB jammed in the barrel in some cases are not as simple as un-jamming them. Let’s explore the following scenarios:

    • BBs are not spherical thus causing jam or stuck in the barrel. 

 

How to keep your Airsoft working properly?

Never reuse BBs that have been shot, or have been dropped in the dirt. Dirty BBs will cause jams inside barrels and can cause a catastrophic failure of the gun's gearbox or firing mechanism.

Never load or use malformed or deformed BBs. These types of BBs can be found even in high quality bags of BBs. They often are extremely malformed to the point that they no longer resemble a BB. Be careful when loading high-capacity magazines as they can often slip past unnoticed. Use of these BBs can damage the magazine, or worse, the gun itself.

Using properly sized BBs is an extremely important factor. For one, it affects velocity. When using a BB of the correct diameter, it ensures that most of the air remains behind the BB. This allows the pressurized air to push the BB through the barrel using most of the air.

Using poorly sized BBs can cause loss of velocity. BBs with out of spec diameters can allow air to travel past, and around it. This means that the potential of the air escaping is lost. There is not as much air behind the BB, causing it to lose velocity.

Use of properly sized BBs can also affect overall accuracy and range. Having a tight fitting BB inside a barrel ensures that the BB is not bouncing around inside the barrel, allowing it to maintain its proper trajectory after leaving the barrel.

When BBs are too small, they can become very inaccurate. Similar to the Muskets used during the mid 1700's, a projectile that is significantly undersized in comparison to the bore will allow the projectile to move freely in all directions while exiting the muzzle. This means that the projectile can bounce around inside the bore with minimal guidance, thus being extremely inaccurate.

Using poor quality BBs can cause the BBs to jam in the barrel and can cause some of the BBs to shatter. These tiny fragments of plastic are small, and may get into the internal workings of the gun, causing malfunctions.

Often times, when a gun is jammed due to bad BBs, the problem transfers all the way into the gearbox. Even the durable metal teeth of the gears can be permanently damaged from use of poor BBs.

  

What battery should I use?

There are different kinds of airsoft batteries as well as their attributes that airsoft players should know about (sooner or later) in order to power their Airsoft Electric Guns (AEG). The world of AEG batteries will be discussed in depth here. Ranging from types to performance, this article will explore the give the reader a better look of what available energy there is in order to power an AEG.

 

 Different types of battery                          

   

           

 

Small Type Batteries - are the most common type of airsoft battery used and come in many shapes and sizes depending on the airsoft gun style,

Large Type Batteries - generally are larger in size and have a 7-cell (last cell perpendicular to 2 rows) or 8 cell configuration, in the shape of a "brick" and it goes into AEG's with full Stocks as they are hollow and
                                     capable of holding such a large battery. Examples are full Stock MP5's, M16's, AK47's,

Mini Type Batteries - (candy bar and nunchucks style) go in the forward hanguards of most M4 rifles, MP5A/SD

Stick batteries - go in AK47/74 variants without full stocks and a few SCAR style AEG's

 

Descriptions of Airsoft Electric Gun (AEG) Batteries

Alkaline - Good Capacity, but non-rechargable batteries

Rechargeable Alkalines - good capacity, limited rechargability 

NiMH (Nickel-Metal Hydride) - great capacity, long life recharging, slightly more expensive 

NiCad (Nickel-Cadmium) - Good capacity, long life recharging, economic rechargable battery (Small NiCad Or Large Ni-Cad)

Lithium Ion (The Rechargeable Lithium Battery) - Great Capacity, Very Expensive Battery and Combustible 

Lithium Polymer / Nano (The Rechargeable Lithium Battery) - Great Capacity, Very Expensive Battery and Less Combustible 

Carbon Zinc & Zinc Chloride - low end battery, low capacity, economic battery 

 

How to use a High Cap Magazine?

1. Locate the top latch of the magazine. Open the latch on the top of the magazine. Pour the BBs through the latch until the BBs reach the top. Close the latch. (A large amount of BB's are necessary for the High Capacity Magazines to function correctly.)

2. Wind the wheel, which is found on the bottom of the High Cap Mag. It will take numerous rotations to properly fill the feeding tube. When it is filled, the wheel will give off added pressure as well as the sound of a "double-click".
NOTE: When firing your AEG, you must keep winding the wheel to keep a constant feed from the magazine to the gun.
- When you are done using your AEG, take the mag out of the gun. Then, pull the release tab back to allow the BB's to escape from the feeding nozzle.
* Trap door, release tab, and winding wheel are ONLY found on High Capacity Mazines. 



 

 

 

 

Keeping Airsoft Safe and Fun.

Like any other sport important guidelines must be followed to keep airsoft safe and fun.

    • Obey the Law. Be aware of local Law and Regulations in your area.

    • Obey your local Law enforcement officer.

    • Brandishing is illegal. Do not show or display our airsoft gun out on the public.

    • Be responsible and use common sense when playing and handling airsoft guns.

    • Eye protection must be worn at all times by the player and spectator around the vicinity.

    • Play airsoft at a designated airsoft field.